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dgefa.f

      subroutine dgefa(a,lda,n,ipvt,info)
      integer lda,n,ipvt(*),info
      double precision a(lda,*)
c
c     dgefa factors a double precision matrix by gaussian elimination.
c
c     dgefa is usually called by dgeco, but it can be called
c     directly with a saving in time if  rcond  is not needed.
c     (time for dgeco) = (1 + 9/n)*(time for dgefa) .
c
c     on entry
c
c        a       double precision(lda, n)
c                the matrix to be factored.
c
c        lda     integer
c                the leading dimension of the array  a .
c
c        n       integer
c                the order of the matrix  a .
c
c     on return
c
c        a       an upper triangular matrix and the multipliers
c                which were used to obtain it.
c                the factorization can be written  a = l*u  where
c                l  is a product of permutation and unit lower
c                triangular matrices and  u  is upper triangular.
c
c        ipvt    integer(n)
c                an integer vector of pivot indices.
c
c        info    integer
c                = 0  normal value.
c                = k  if  u(k,k) .eq. 0.0 .  this is not an error
c                     condition for this subroutine, but it does
c                     indicate that dgesl or dgedi will divide by zero
c                     if called.  use  rcond  in dgeco for a reliable
c                     indication of singularity.
c
c     linpack. this version dated 08/14/78 .
c     cleve moler, university of new mexico, argonne national lab.
c
c     subroutines and functions
c
c     blas daxpy,dscal,idamax
c
c     internal variables
c
      double precision t
      integer idamax,j,k,kp1,l,nm1
c
c
c     gaussian elimination with partial pivoting
c
      info = 0
      nm1 = n - 1
      if (nm1 .lt. 1) go to 70
      do 60 k = 1, nm1
         kp1 = k + 1
c
c        find l = pivot index
c
         l = idamax(n-k+1,a(k,k),1) + k - 1
         ipvt(k) = l
c
c        zero pivot implies this column already triangularized
c
         if (a(l,k) .eq. 0.0d0) go to 40
c
c           interchange if necessary
c
            if (l .eq. k) go to 10
               t = a(l,k)
               a(l,k) = a(k,k)
               a(k,k) = t
   10       continue
c
c           compute multipliers
c
            t = -1.0d0/a(k,k)
            call dscal(n-k,t,a(k+1,k),1)
c
c           row elimination with column indexing
c
            do 30 j = kp1, n
               t = a(l,j)
               if (l .eq. k) go to 20
                  a(l,j) = a(k,j)
                  a(k,j) = t
   20          continue
               call daxpy(n-k,t,a(k+1,k),1,a(k+1,j),1)
   30       continue
         go to 50
   40    continue
            info = k
   50    continue
   60 continue
   70 continue
      ipvt(n) = n
      if (a(n,n) .eq. 0.0d0) info = n
      return
      end

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